Biomonitoring of Air Quality

Biological methodologies for air pollution by trace metals, PAHs and particulate matter. Aims of  investigations are:
- to monitor air pollution by mosses and lichens;
- to standardize the biomonitoring procedure based on 'moss-bags' use and analyse the mechanisms of metal uptake and retention by mosses exposed in urban areas with different climatic conditions;
- to characterise the chemical and mineralogical properties of airborne particulate matter intercepted by biomonitor surface and collected by instrumental device.

Activity start 1998
Publications - Spagnuolo V., Zampella M., Giordano S., Adamo P. Cytological stress and element uptake in moss and lichen exposed in bags in urban area.Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 74, 1434-1443, 2011
- Adamo P., S. Giordano, A. Sforza, Bargagli R. Implementation of airborne trace element monitoring with devitalised transplants of Hypnum cupressiforme Hedw.: Assessment of temporal trends and element contribution by vehicular traffic in Naples city. Environmental Pollution, 159, 1620-1628, 2011
- Tretiach M., E. Pittao, P. Crisafulli, Adamo P. Influence of exposure sites on trace element enrichment in moss-bags and characterization of particles deposited on the biomonitor surface. Science of The Total Environment, 409, 822-830, 2011
- Ares, J.R. Aboal, A. Carballeira, S. Giordano, P. Adamo, J.A. Fernández, 2012. Moss bag biomonitoring: A methodological review. Science of the Total Environment 432, 143–158
- S. Giordano, P. Adamo, V. Spagnuolo, M. Tretiach, R. Bargagli, 2013. Accumulation of airborne trace elements in mosses, lichens and synthetic materials exposed at urban monitoring stations: Towards a harmonization of the moss-bag technique. Chemosphere 90, 292–299
Permanent staff Paola Adamo (AGR/13)
Temporary or external staff Prof.ssa Simonetta Giordano UNINA, Prof.ssa Valeria Spagnuolo, UNINA, Prof. Mauro Tretiach, Università di Trieste, Prof. Roberto Bargagli, Università di Siena
Projects - 2012-2015 FP7-ENV-2011 Creating and testing a method for controlling the air quality based on a new biotechnological tool. Use of a devitalized moss clone as passive contaminant sensor (MOSSCLONE). Coordinatore generale Dr José Ángel Fernández Escribano, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (Spain). Partecipante responsabile del Task 2.6. Multi-element characterization of moss clone.
- 2012-2017  PROGETTO LIFE11/ENV/IT/275 Implementation of eco-compatible protocols for agricultural soil remediation in litorale Domizio-Agro Aversano NIPS (ECOREMED). Coordinatore generale Prof. Massimo Fagnano, Università di Napoli Federico II. Responsabile di sottoazione C2a “Biomonitoring of air pollution by moss transplants and characterization of airborne particles intercepted by biomonitor surface”.
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