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Plant Space Biology and Radioecology

Plant-Space-Biology-and-Radioecology This research aims to understand the effect of Space factors on various processes of plant growth and reproduction. In particular, the response of plants to altered gravity and ionising radiations is investigated with both experiments on Earth, with facilities simulating reduced gravity and high radiation levels, and in Space.  Morpho-anatomical and eco-physiological analyses are performed.

Activity start 1999
Publications - De Micco V., Paradiso R., Aronne G., De Pascale S., Quarto M., Arena C. 2014. Leaf Anatomy and Photochemical Behaviour of Solanum lycopersicum L. Plants from Seeds Irradiated with Low-LET Ionising Radiation. The Scientific World Journal, Volume 2014, Article ID 428141, 13 pages; http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/428141 (Q1)
- Arena C., De Micco V., Macaeva E., Quintens R. 2014. Space radiation effects on plant and mammalian cells. Acta Atronautica, 104: 419-431 (Q1)
- De Micco V., Arena C., Aronne G. 2014. Anatomical alterations of Phaseolus vulgaris L. mature leaves irradiated with X-rays. Plant Biology, 16: 87-193 (Q2)
- De Micco V., De Pascale S., Paradiso R., Aronne G. 2014. Microgravity effects on different stages of higher plant life cycle and completion of the seed-to-seed cycle. Plant Biology, 16: 31-38 (Q2)
- Arena C., De Micco V., De Maio A. 2014. Growth alteration and leaf biochemical responses in P. vulgaris plants exposed to different doses of ionizing radiation. Plant Biology, 16: 194-202 (Q2)
- Arena C., De Micco V., Aronne G., Pugliese MG., Virzo A., De Maio A. 2013. Response of Phaseolus vulgaris L. plants to low-LET ionizing radiation: growth and oxidative stress. Acta Astronautica, 91: 107-114 (Q2)
- De Micco V., Arena C., Pignalosa D., Durante M. 2011. Review. Effects of sparsely and densely ionizing radiation on plants. Radiation and Environmental Biophysics 50: 1-19 (Q2)
- De Micco V., Aronne G., Joseleau J-P., Ruel K. 2008. Xylem development and cell wall changes in soy seedlings grown in a microgravity environment. Annals of Botany 101: 661-669 (Q1)
- De Micco V., Aronne G. 2008. Biometric anatomy of seedlings developed onboard of Foton-M2 in an automatic system supporting growth. Acta Astronautica 62: 505-513 (Q2)
- De Micco V., Scala M., Aronne G. 2006. Effects of simulated microgravity on male gametophyte of Prunus, Pyrus and Brassica species. Protoplasma 228: 121-126 (Q1)
- De Micco V., Scala M., Aronne G. 2006. Evaluation of the effect of clinostat rotation on pollen germination and tube development as a tool for selection of plants in space. Acta Astronautica 58: 464-470 (Q2)
- Aronne G., De Micco V., Ariaudo P., De Pascale S. 2003. The effect of uni-axial clinostat rotation on germination and root anatomy of Phaseolus vulgaris L. Plant Biosystems 137 (2): 155-162 (Q2)
Permanent staff Giovanna Aronne (PA, BIO/03), Veronica De Micco (Ric, BIO/03)
Temporary or external staff Dr. Carmen Arena (RU, Dip. Biologia, UNINA), Prof. Marco Durante (GSI, Germany)
Collaborations  
SSD  
Projects - Studio di fattibilità finanziato su CAB. "2006-2007. Progetto ASI (Agenzia  Spaziale Italiana), Controllo Ambientale Biorigenerativo (CAB)".  ASI Project: Risposta morfologica e fisiologica a gradienti elettro-chimici di sistemi vegetali in condizioni di microgravità (Italian Space Agency, 2000/2002, Coordinator: S. De Pascale)
- Progetto ESA: SAYSOY – Space Apparatus to Yield SOYsprouts (European Space Agency, 2004/2007, Senior Coordinator:  G. Aronne,Principal Investigator: V. De Micco)
- Progetto FARO: Effetto delle RADiazioni IOnizzanti sulla crescita di POModoro: contromisure alimentari per sostenere la vita nello Spazio (RADIO-POM)  (Università degli Studi di Napoli e la Compagnia di San Paolo, 2013, 40000 euro, Coordinator: V. De Micco)
Recognitions and awards - V. De Micco - Scientific Award of European Space Agency (ESA) for the project “Xylem differentiation and phenolics accumulation in vegetal systems developed in space” presented within the “Success 2002 Student Contest”, Colony (Germany), August 2003
- V. De Micco - International award for the advancement of Space Sciences “Luigi Napolitano Award” for the best paper presented by young researchers at the 54th International Astronaut Congress and assigned by the International Astronaut Federation (IAF), Bremen (Germany), October 2003
- V. De Micco - Scientific award of the European Space Agency (ESA) in recognition of the outstanding contribution and with special appreciation for the professional dedication as Principal Investigator of the SAYSOY Project “SAYSOY – Space Apparatus to Yield SOYsprouts” during the successful Foton-M2 mission, Baikonur (Kazakhstan), June 2005
- G. Aronne - Scientific award of the European Space Agency (ESA) in recognition of the outstanding contribution and with special appreciation for the professional dedication as Senior Investigator of the SAYSOY Project “SAYSOY – Space Apparatus to Yield SOYsprouts” during the successful Foton-M2 mission, Baikonur (Kazakhstan), June 2005
- V. De Micco - Award “Alla Ricerca di Talenti, premio Roberto Marrama” (Association Il Denaro Ricerche & Formazione in collaboration with the Istituto Banco di Napoli Fondazione), Section Research, edition 2007-2008.
- V. De Micco - Invited Speaker: Radiation and Life Support Systems: Effects on Plants. Growth and Reproduction. ESA Topical Team, Darmstadt, Germany, 23 nov 2010.
- V.  De Micco - Invited Speaker: Plant growth and reproduction in altered gravity. International conference Living the Space – The Space a human habitat. Naples, 1-2 dec 2011
Scientific events  
Technology and know-how transfers  
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